The power plant is located in Kibuye, Karongi District, in the Western Province of Rwanda, approximately 130 kilometres (81 mi), by road, west of Kigali, the capital and largest city in the country.

The project will extract methane from the waters of Lake Kivu and use the gas to generate electricity. The generated power will be purchased by Rwanda Electricity Corporation (RECO), the Rwandan electricity utility.

Phase 1 of the project, with capacity of 25MW, was expected to start commercial operation in 2012. Phase 2 of the project, with additional capacity of 75 MW, is expected to start construction six months after the commissioning of Phase 1. The project is being developed by KivuWatt Limited, a subsidiary of ContourGlobal, under a concession agreement made with the Government of Rwanda in 2009.

KivuWatt Limited plans to extract some of the estimated 60 billion cubic meters of methane gas trapped under Lake Kivu and convert that gas into electricity, something that has not been done on a large commercial scale before.